Efficiency of the Education System (Primary, Secondary and Tertiary) in Particular Voivodeships of Poland





efficiency, lower education, primary education, secondary education, tertiary education, higher education, DEA method, labour market, voivodeship, Poland


The reform of the Polish education system (both lower and higher education) that was carried out in recent years has shown the need to improve the efficiency of schools. Therefore, it is reasonable to analyse and evaluate the efficiency of educational centres before implementing reforms. Educational units influence the development of human capital, which should translate into an increase in the wealth of a given region. To our knowledge, there is a lack of research on the technical efficiency of the primary, secondary and tertiary education systems in particular Polish voivodeships. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to present the results of studies on the efficiency of the three levels of the Polish education sector in 2016. The non-radial Slack-Based Directional Distance Function (SBDDF) model, which belongs to the nonparametric Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method, was used to test the efficiency. The number of teachers employed in particular voivodeships, as well as the number of schools and universities were assumed as inputs. The number of pupils and students was assumed as outputs. We hypothesise that there is a positive correlation between the efficiency of the education system and the labour market economic indicators in the province. The hypothesis was verified positively as the findings showed that the higher the education system efficiency indicator in a given voivodeship, the greater the number of the SME sector companies per 10,000 inhabitants, the higher the gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita and the lower the percentage of the unemployed in the region. The study results may be of use to various groups of stakeholders, in particular, employees of ministries responsible for the functioning of primary, secondary and tertiary education. 

Author Biographies

Łukasz Brzezicki, Ustka City Hall

PhD, the Mayor of Ustka’s representative for non-governmental organizations; Researcher ID: AAL-9393-2020; Scopus Author ID: 57216036541; https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1319-4815 (3, Ks. Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego St., Ustka, 76-270, Poland; e-mail: brzezicki.lukasz@wp.pl).

Piotr Pietrzak, Warsaw University of Life Sciences

PhD, Adjunct Professor, Management Institute; https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1319-4815 (166, Nowoursynowska St., Warsaw, 02-787, Poland; e-mail: piotr_pietrzak1@sggw.edu.pl).

Małgorzata Cieciora, Polish-Japanese Academy of Information Technology

PhD, Professor, Dean, Faculty of Information Management; https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4161-4653 (86, Koszykowa St., Warsaw, 02-008 Poland; e-mail: Malgorzata.Cieciora@pja.edu.pl).




How to Cite

Brzezicki, Łukasz ., Pietrzak, P. ., & Cieciora, M. . (2022). Efficiency of the Education System (Primary, Secondary and Tertiary) in Particular Voivodeships of Poland. Economy of Regions, 18(2), 494–508. https://doi.org/10.17059/ekon.reg.2022-2-14



Research articles